Queen Victoria established the Royal Victorian Medal in April 1896 as a reward for personal service to the Sovereign or the Royal Family, and as a mark of royal esteem. The Medal is conferred upon civilians and non-commissioned military personnel. Although the Medal is related to the Royal Victorian Order, it differs in appearance and in the way it is worn.
Recipients are permitted to use the post-nominal R.V.M. Names of the recipients are published in the The Canada Gazette.
The Medal is awarded in silver gilt (gold), silver and bronze: