The Viceregal Lion
  1. The Governor General of Canada
  2. His Excellency the Right Honourable David Johnston
News & Events
  • Print Preview
  • Print: 
  •  Send to Facebook (Opens in a new window)
  •  Send to Twitter (Opens in a new window)
  • Send to E-mail (Opens in a new window)
  • Share: 

News

Presentation of Decorations for Bravery

December 2, 2013

Governor General to Present 42 Decorations for Bravery

OTTAWA—His Excellency the Right Honourable David Johnston, Governor General of Canada, will present 3 Stars of Courage and 39 Medals of Bravery at a ceremony at Rideau Hall, on Thursday, December 5, 2013, at 10:30 a.m.

Created in 1972, Decorations for Bravery recognize people who risked their lives to try to save or protect the lives of others. The Cross of Valour (C.V.) recognizes acts of the most conspicuous courage in circumstances of extreme peril; the Star of Courage (S.C.) recognizes acts of conspicuous courage in circumstances of great peril; and the Medal of Bravery (M.B.) recognizes acts of bravery in hazardous circumstances.

A schedule for the presentation ceremony, a list of recipients and their citations, and a fact sheet on the Decorations for Bravery are enclosed.

-30-

Media information
Marie-Pierre Bélanger         
Rideau Hall Press Office
613-998-9166
marie-pierre.belanger@gg.ca            

Follow GGDavidJohnston and RideauHall on Facebook and Twitter.

 

CEREMONY SCHEDULE

Members of the media are asked to observe the following schedule:

9:45 a.m.:        Media start to arrive at Rideau Hall
10:30 a.m.:      Ceremony begins
                        The Governor General speaks
                        The Governor General presents the Decorations for Bravery
11:45 a.m.:      Interviews with recipients

 

RECIPIENTS 

STAR OF COURAGE 

Nicole Louise Foran, S.C.

Eastern Passage, N.S.

Constable Jeff Smiley, S.C.

Fredericton, N.B.

Master Seaman Jason Cecil Sparkes, S.C.

Tantallon, N.S.


MEDAL OF BRAVERY

Sergeant Jeffery Paul Alderdice, M.B.

Mississauga, Ont.

Christopher Bugelli, M.B.

Ottawa, Ont.

Sergeant Stéphane Lionel Clavette, M.B., C.D.

Lazo, B.C.

Denise Marie Collins, M.B.

Orillia, Ont.

Sergeant Michael Edgar Cox, M.B., C.D.

Greenwood, N.S.

Bobbi-Jo Dalziel, M.B.

Sarnia, Ont.

Constable Lane Ashley Douglas-Hunt, M.B.

Victoria, B.C.

Corporal Dwight Doyle, M.B.

Killarney, N.B.

Shawn Alexander Doyle, M.B.

Alliston, Ont.

Warnakulasuriya (Warni) Raja Fernando, M.B.

Negombo, Sri Lanka and Nanaimo, B.C.

Constable Warren Neil Fo Sing, M.B.

Markham, Ont.

Constable Joel Edward Fraser, M.B.

Sarnia, Ont.

Constable Shawn Fraser, M.B.

Fredericton, N.B.

James Haden, M.B.

Aurora, Ont.

Alden Yale Henry, M.B.

West Vancouver, B.C.

Randy Johnson, M.B.

Tantallon, N.S.

Sergeant John L. Jorginson, M.B.

Orillia, Ont.

Gregory John Kutney, M.B.

Hacket’s Cove, N.S.

Constable Robert H. Labelle, M.B.

Sturgeon Falls, Ont.

Len MacIntyre, M.B.

Sydney Mines, N.S.

Francis J. Marshall, M.B.

Membertou, N.S.

Constable Samantha McInnis, M.B.

Fredericton, N.B.

Steven Douglas McLavish, M.B.

Beaumont, Alta.

Master Corporal Caleb W. McPhail, M.B., C.D.

St. Thomas, Ont.

Jakob Merkel, M.B. (posthumous)

Heidelberg, Germany and La Broquerie, Man.

Constable Michael Alexander Mulville, M.B.

Ajax, Ont.

Richard S. Munro, M.B.

Northbrook, Ont.

Alexander Leif Myros, M.B.

Thunder Bay, Ont.

Leslie Dawn Rakow, M.B.

Armstrong, B.C.

Alexander C. Robertson, M.B.

Bracebridge, Ont.

Gerard Denis Robineau, M.B.

Bowmanville, Ont.

Nicholas Romain, M.B.

Windsor and London, Ont.

Elijah Ashton Rumleski-Boisvert, M.B.

Bradford, Ont.

Carolina Aida Santizo Arriola, M.B.

Mississauga and Bowmanville, Ont.

McCartney Sealey, M.B.

London, Ont.

Constable John Shean, M.B.

Sarnia, Ont.

Joseph F. Sylvester, M.B.

Sydney, N.S.

Claude Veilleux, M.B.

Saint-Victor-de-Beauce, Que.

Brandon Clifford Wheeler, M.B.

Cobourg, Ont. 

Please note that the information in this media advisory reflects
the rank of the recipient at the time of the event for which they are being recognized.


CITATIONS

Nicole Louise Foran, S.C.
Eastern Passage, Nova Scotia
Star of Courage 

Carolina Aida Santizo Arriola, M.B.
Mississauga and Bowmanville, Ontario
Medal of Bravery

On April 19, 2009, flight attendants Nicole Foran and Carolina Santizo Arriola were instrumental in the safe release of passengers during a hijacking at the Montego Bay airport, in Jamaica. A gunman, who had pushed his way onto the plane during boarding, forced the pilot down the loading ramp and fired a shot at him. Although threatened by the gunman, Mrs. Santizo Arriola suggested that he release the passengers in exchange for money. He agreed, and the passengers were allowed to leave after dropping money into bags. Over the next several hours, Mrs. Foran and Mrs. Santizo Arriola tried to calm the gunman as he threatened the crew, demanding that the plane take off. A Jamaican anti-terrorist squad finally stormed the aircraft and, taking advantage of this distraction, Mrs. Foran grabbed the gun from the hijacker’s hand and held it away from him. Mrs. Foran and Mrs. Santizo Arriola showed great courage during this highly volatile situation.

Constable Jeff Smiley, S.C.
Fredericton, New Brunswick
Star of Courage 

Corporal Dwight Doyle, M.B.
Killarney, New Brunswick
Constable Shawn Fraser, M.B.
Fredericton, New Brunswick
Constable Samantha McInnis, M.B.
Fredericton, New Brunswick
Medal of Bravery 

On January 8, 2012, Fredericton Police Corporal Dwight Doyle and constables Shawn Fraser, Samantha McInnis and Jeff Smiley rescued an elderly woman from a vehicle submerged in the Saint John River, in Fredericton, New Brunswick. The police officers had ventured out onto the unstable ice to reach the car, which was several metres from shore. Tethered by a rope, Constable Smiley put on a life jacket and jumped into the frigid water. He made his way to the vehicle, broke the window and pulled the unconscious victim out. He brought her to the edge of the ice, where the other officers helped pull them both out. Constables Fraser and McInnis fell through the ice several times while trying to resuscitate the woman. When she began to breathe on her own, Corporal Doyle helped them bring the woman to safety.

Master Seaman Jason Cecil Sparkes, S.C.
Tantallon, Nova Scotia
Star of Courage 

Randy Johnson, M.B.
Tantallon, Nova Scotia
Gregory John Kutney, M.B.
Hacket’s Cove, Nova Scotia
Medal of Bravery 

On November 6, 2010, volunteer firefighters Master Seaman Jason Sparkes, Randy Johnson and Greg Kutney rescued a police officer from a possible drowning, in Peggy’s Cove, Nova Scotia. The officer was responding to a call about a man who had been pushed off the rocks by a huge wave. As he searched, the officer was also pulled down onto the rocks, where he lay unconscious in the turbulent water. Master Seaman Sparkes jumped into the surf and threw himself on the injured officer, securing him against the rocks to keep him from being pulled out to sea. Despite the severe weather conditions and the constant pounding of the waves, firefighters Johnson and Kutney were able to pull both men to safety. Sadly, the first victim’s body was recovered a few days later.

Sergeant Jeffery Paul Alderdice, M.B.
Mississauga, Ontario
Medal of Bravery 

On February 12, 2011, while serving a tour of duty as a mentor to Afghan police recruits, Toronto Police Sergeant Jeff Alderdice risked his life to help a U.S. Army captain, in Afghanistan. During a patrol in Kandahar, Sergeant Alderdice and his American colleague were attacked by insurgents. His colleague was taking on fire and running low on ammunition. Covering him, Sergeant Alderdice responded to incoming rounds from attackers located inside and on the roof of a nearby hotel. Once the shooting stopped, Sergeant Alderdice assisted with the retrieval of wounded victims.

Christopher Bugelli, M.B.
Ottawa, Ontario
Medal of Bravery 

On March 13, 2011, paramedic Chris Bugelli rescued a suicidal man from a possible drowning, in Ottawa, Ontario. Dispatched to the scene, Mr. Bugelli arrived at the drainage ditch to find the man neck-deep in the water. Not wanting to frighten him, Mr. Bugelli remained at the water’s edge and tried to coax him out. As the man’s head slipped beneath the surface, Mr. Bugelli waded in and made his way towards him. Despite being hindered by the many hazards hidden under the water, Mr. Bugelli managed to reach the resisting victim. Exhausted, and feeling the numbing effects of the frigid water, Mr. Bugelli brought the victim to safety. 

Sergeant Stéphane Lionel Clavette, M.B., C.D.
Lazo, British Columbia
Sergeant Michael Edgar Cox, M.B., C.D.
Greenwood, Nova Scotia
Medal of Bravery 

On February 11, 2011, sergeants Michael Cox and Stéphane Clavette rescued a man who had suffered a heart attack onboard a fishing vessel off the coast of Halifax, Nova Scotia. Hampered by darkness and harsh weather conditions, the search and rescue technicians were carefully lowered from a helicopter onto the vessel, which was being tossed about in the rough seas. The victim was secured in a rescue basket, but the deck of the fishing boat was so icy and unstable that they had difficulty keeping the basket steady for extraction. Finally the victim was hoisted up to the aircraft, and another cable was lowered to the deck to retrieve the two rescuers. Sergeant Clavette attached himself to the cable, but at that moment, the boat was rocked by a large wave. He was able to unhook just before the cable was ripped from his hand. Another cable was lowered and, with great difficulty, the rescuers were lifted one at a time to safety.

Denise Marie Collins, M.B.
Orillia, Ontario
Medal of Bravery 

On January 19, 2009, Denise Collins evacuated nine people from a burning retirement residence, in Orillia, Ontario. Ms. Collins was the only attendant on duty when the smoke detectors and automatic fire doors were activated. With the phone lines down, she alerted the residents by yelling and knocking on their doors. She managed to get nine residents to safety before running to a neighbour’s house for help. She then went back to the residence and tried repeatedly to get inside, but was pushed back by the intense heat and smoke. The fire department arrived and rescued the remaining victims while Ms. Collins cared for them outside. Sadly, two tenants did not survive.  

Bobbi-Jo Dalziel, M.B.
Sarnia, Ontario
Constable Joel Edward Fraser, M.B.
Sarnia, Ontario
Constable John Shean, M.B.
Sarnia, Ontario
Medal of Bravery

On October 31, 2011, Sarnia Police constables Joel Fraser and John Shean, and ride-along trainee Bobbi-Jo Dalziel, rescued a man from a burning apartment, in Sarnia, Ontario. The three were dispatched to the fire and advised that the victim was still inside, on the second floor. Arriving at the victim’s apartment, they opened the door and crawled inside. The heavy smoke forced them to retreat several times in their brief search. Hearing the victim groaning, they crawled back in and located the man. They dragged him out and carried him downstairs to an awaiting ambulance. He was brought to the hospital where he later recovered.

Constable Lane Ashley Douglas-Hunt, M.B.
Victoria, British Columbia
Medal of Bravery 

On January 17, 2011, Constable Lane Douglas-Hunt risked her life to protect citizens from a man armed with a knife, in Victoria, British Columbia. Leaving a store after responding to an unrelated complaint, Constable Douglas-Hunt held the door open for a man to enter. The man suddenly reached out and stabbed her in the neck with a knife. She grabbed him, but as he quickly escalated his assault on her, they fell out onto the sidewalk. While struggling to subdue her attacker, Constable Douglas-Hunt positioned herself to protect the onlookers around them. Only when the knife fell out of the man’s reach did she permit anyone to approach and help her restrain him until police arrived.

Shawn Alexander Doyle, M.B.
Alliston, Ontario
James Haden, M.B.
Aurora, Ontario
Gerard Denis Robineau, M.B.
Bowmanville, Ontario
Medal of Bravery 

On February 11, 2008, Shawn Doyle, James Haden and Gerard Robineau risked their lives to evacuate an injured co-worker at a rail yard, in Concord, Ontario. The victim had been transferring the contents of a pressurized rail car when a valve exploded, sending a geyser of caustic sodium hydroxide several metres in all directions. After calling for help on his radio, the victim took refuge in a nearby safety shower. Unable to shut down the flow or depressurize the rail car, the three rescuers managed to reach the victim and transport him to a safer area. All four men were treated for second-degree burns to their faces and hands.

Warnakulasuriya (Warni) Raja Fernando, M.B.
Negombo, Sri Lanka and Nanaimo, British Columbia
Medal of Bravery 

On May 12, 2011, security guard Warni Fernando rescued a police officer from an attack outside a casino, in Nanaimo, British Columbia. The officer was responding to a call about a robbery that would later prove to be false. She was sitting in her cruiser, taking a statement from an alleged witness who was in the back seat. Suddenly, the man lunged over the barrier between the seats and started hitting the officer. Mr. Fernando saw the struggle, radioed his supervisor and rushed to help the woman, who was trying to keep the aggressor from taking her gun from its holster. Mr. Fernando grabbed the man and pinned him to the ground until help arrived.

Constable Warren Neil Fo Sing, M.B.
Markham, Ontario
Constable Michael Alexander Mulville, M.B.
Ajax, Ontario
Medal of Bravery 

On April 1, 2011, York Regional Police constables Warren Fo Sing and Michael Mulville rescued a man from Milne Pond, in Markham, Ontario. Dispatched to the scene, the police officers found the victim walking on the fragile ice surface, several metres from shore, attempting to reach his dog a further distance away. Constables Fo Sing and Mulville took out the rear seat of their cruiser and slid it out to the victim. The man grabbed the length of rope tied to the seat but, intent on rescuing his pet, ran towards it and fell in the water. The constables advanced towards him, the thin ice cracking beneath their steps. They threw a rope to the victim and, despite the slippery surface, managed to pull him out and drag him closer to the shore while firefighters rescued the dog.

Alden Yale Henry, M.B.
West Vancouver, British Columbia
Medal of Bravery 

On October 29, 2010, Yale Henry intervened when a fellow student attacked his friend at a high school, in West Vancouver, British Columbia. The attacker ran up behind Mr. Henry and his friend and began to stab the friend while others looked on in shock. Disregarding the possible danger to himself, Mr. Henry grabbed the attacker and pulled him away. He held him in a bear hug until the assailant dropped his knife and fled. The victim was brought to the hospital, where he was treated for his injuries. The attacker was apprehended by police a short time later.

Sergeant John L. Jorginson, M.B.
Orillia, Ontario
Alexander C. Robertson, M.B.
Bracebridge, Ontario
David W. Simpson, M.B.
Bracebridge, Ontario
Medal of Bravery 

On May 12, 2011, Alexander Robertson, David Simpson, and off-duty Ontario Provincial Police Sergeant John Jorginson rescued a woman from a burning vehicle, in Bracebridge, Ontario. The woman had crashed into a parked van, and both vehicles had burst into flames. Despite the thick smoke and the intense heat and flames, the rescuers ran to help. Mr. Robertson jumped in the front passenger seat but, unable to unbuckle the woman’s seatbelt, exited the vehicle and began suppressing the flames. Sergeant Jorginson entered through the back door and managed to release the driver’s seatbelt. He covered her face and pulled her seat back while Mr. Simpson broke the window and reached in to pull the door open. Mr. Simpson then helped Sergeant Jorginson bring the injured woman to safety.

The decoration awarded to Mr. Simpson will be presented at a future ceremony.

Constable Robert H. Labelle, M.B.
Sturgeon Falls, Ontario
Medal of Bravery 

On February 17, 2011, Ontario Provincial Police Constable Robert Labelle rescued an injured man following a collision involving four tractor-trailers, on Highway 17, in Renfrew, Ontario. The victim, who had been ejected from his vehicle but was still strapped to his seat, was dangerously close to a damaged trailer containing hazardous chemicals. Arriving at the scene, off-duty Constable Labelle quickly took control of the situation. Despite the possibility of an explosion, he removed the victim just moments before another truck lost control on the icy road and slid into the ditch beside them. Constable Labelle managed to bring the victim to his own vehicle and continued to assist at the scene until emergency services arrived.

Len MacIntyre, M.B.
Sydney Mines, Nova Scotia
Medal of Bravery 

On August 9, 2009, Len MacIntyre rescued a woman from a burning second-floor apartment, in Florence, Nova Scotia. Mr. MacIntyre had been driving by when he saw the flames and stopped to help. He ran up the outside stairs and, peering through a window, saw the woman standing outside her kitchen, which was on fire. Mr. MacIntyre grabbed a quilt that was hanging on the railing and ran inside. He used the quilt to shield the victim from the flames and pulled her outside, restraining her as she kept trying to get back inside her apartment. He then ran to alert the other occupants of the building, while another person arrived to help the victim.

Francis J. Marshall, M.B.
Membertou, Nova Scotia
Joseph F. Sylvester, M.B.
Sydney, Nova Scotia
Medal of Bravery

On August 21, 2008, Francis Marshall and Joey Sylvester evacuated the residents of an apartment building set on fire by arsonists, in Membertou, Nova Scotia. One of the occupants saw the flames and knocked on the wall between her and Mr. Sylvester’s apartments. Mr. Sylvester rushed his family down past the fire to safety before going back to bring his neighbour and her two children downstairs. Undeterred by the danger, Mr. Sylvester then helped pull a disabled woman from her first-floor apartment. Mr. Marshall braved the heat and smoke once again in an effort to extinguish the flames, but at that moment a propane tank exploded, causing him to fall back down the stairs. Everyone then stood back until the fire department arrived.

Steven Douglas McLavish, M.B.
Beaumont, Alberta
Medal of Bravery 

On February 19, 2011, Steven McLavish pulled a man from a burning vehicle, on Highway 21, near Armena, Alberta. Mr. McLavish had stopped at the scene of two vehicles on fire following a head-on collision between a minivan and a transport truck. Through the thick, black smoke, he saw the driver of the truck frantically trying to get out, as the flames filled the inside of the vehicle. Despite the overwhelming heat and smoke, Mr. McLavish tried unsuccessfully to break the window. After struggling with the mangled passenger side door, he finally managed to open it. The victim jumped out and both men ran a safe distance away. Sadly, the driver of the smaller vehicle did not survive.

Master Corporal Caleb W. McPhail, M.B., C.D.
St. Thomas, Ontario
Medal of Bravery 

On July 4, 2010, Master Corporal Caleb McPhail successfully evacuated the residents of a burning apartment building, in St. Thomas, Ontario. Master Corporal McPhail, who was not on duty at the time, was passing by the building when he noticed smoke and flames coming from a second-floor window. Disregarding his own safety, he ran inside as thick, black smoke poured from the doorway. Using a small flashlight attached to his keychain, he ran upstairs to warn the occupants. After he had gotten some of the residents outside, Master Corporal McPhail went back up to the burning apartment and kicked open the door. He located the disoriented tenant and brought him outside just as the fire department arrived.

Jakob Merkel, M.B. (posthumous)
Heidelberg, Germany and La Broquerie, Manitoba
Medal of Bravery 

On November 20, 2010, Jakob Merkel entered his burning house to rescue his son, in La Broquerie, Manitoba. Mr. Merkel woke up to find the house filled with smoke from a fire that had started in the attached garage. After ensuring his wife and three of their children were safely outside, Mr. Merkel ran back inside to get his 13-year-old son from a basement bedroom. The fire had quickly spread to the house, and as Mr. Merkel and his son rushed to get outside, their clothing caught on fire, which neighbours were able to extinguish quickly. Sadly, Mr. Merkel did not survive, but his brave actions saved his son from perishing in the blaze that completely destroyed their house.

The decoration awarded to the late Mr. Merkel will be received by his wife,
Mrs. Ludmilla Merkel.

Richard S. Munro, M.B.
Northbrook, Ontario
Medal of Bravery 

On February 1, 2007, Richard Munro risked his life in an attempt to rescue a man from a burning vehicle, on Highway 401, near Cobourg, Ontario. Mr. Munro was travelling along the highway during a heavy winter storm when he saw a vehicle get hit by a tanker-trailer in the opposite lanes. He immediately stopped and ran across the busy highway to help. By the time he arrived at the scene, it had become a multi-vehicle pileup. Despite the flames, heat and smoke, Mr. Munro was able to help several people out of their damaged vehicles and bring them to a safer area. He had to abandon his efforts to rescue one driver when a tanker burst into flames and flammable liquids started to ignite along the ground.

Alexander Leif Myros, M.B.
Thunder Bay, Ontario
Nicholas Romain, M.B.
Windsor and London, Ontario
McCartney Sealey, M.B.
London, Ontario
Medal of Bravery 

On June 21, 2009, Alex Myros, Nick Romain and McCartney Sealey risked their lives to rescue two people from a burning vehicle, near Angola, Indiana, U.S.A. A teenager was driving her mother and brother in an SUV and lost control of the vehicle, hitting an oncoming bus head-on. The SUV caught fire, trapping the occupants inside. Messrs. Myros, Romain and Sealey, who were passengers on the damaged bus, managed to climb out. They ran to the vehicle and worked frantically to open the driver’s door to reach the badly injured girl. Despite the intense heat and flames, they managed to pull the unconscious boy from the rear seat; sadly, they were unable to rescue the mother.

Leslie Dawn Rakow, M.B.
Armstrong, British Columbia
Medal of Bravery 

On September 4, 2010, Leslie Rakow rescued a three-year-old boy from a submerged van, in Revelstoke, British Columbia. The child had been sitting in the vehicle while his father was unhooking a boat from the trailer hitch. Suddenly, the vehicle rolled backwards into the water, with the boy trapped inside. Hearing cries for help, Mrs. Rakow jumped into the frigid water and swam out to the rapidly sinking van. With only moments to spare, Mrs. Rakow managed to open the door and pull the child out. She then brought him to safety with the help of passers-by.

Elijah Ashton Rumleski-Boisvert, M.B.
Bradford, Ontario
Medal of Bravery 

On June 10, 2011, Elijah Rumleski-Boisvert, only 10 years old at the time, rescued his uncle from a possible drowning in the Frederick House River, in Connaught, Ontario. Elijah, his sister and their uncle had been fishing at the river’s edge when the uncle suffered a dizzy spell. He hit his head on some rocks and fell face-down into the water, where the current carried him several metres away from the shore. Elijah, who did not know how to swim, waded waist-deep into the cold water to reach the man’s side. He grabbed his uncle’s hand, and started to drag him out of the water as others arrived to help. The victim was taken to the hospital and released a few days later. 

Claude Veilleux, M.B.
Saint-Victor-de-Beauce, Quebec
Medal of Bravery 

On June 20, 2011, Claude Veilleux rescued a teenage girl who was on the verge of drowning, in Beauceville, Quebec. Three friends were swimming in the cold waters of the Chaudière River when they were suddenly swept away by the current. With a great deal of effort, two of them managed to struggle back to shore. Alerted by witnesses, Mr. Veilleux stopped and made his way down the steep slope to the river. He swam against the strong current to reach the other young victim, who, clinging to a branch, kept sinking below the surface and coming up again. Mr. Veilleux told the girl to let go of the branch; then, exhausted though he was, he managed to swim over and bring her back to shore, where others came to their assistance.

Brandon Clifford Wheeler, M.B.
Cobourg, Ontario
Medal of Bravery 

On August 4, 2010, 15-year-old Brandon Wheeler rescued a friend from a possible drowning in Lake Ontario, in Cobourg, Ontario. The friends had been spending the afternoon jumping off a pier when the victim found himself too far from shore. The waves were much larger there and, fighting to stay afloat, the victim yelled for help. Brandon jumped off the pier and swam to reach the boy, who was nearly 30 metres away. Despite the risk of his friend possibly panicking and pulling him under, Brandon fought against the strong current to bring him safely to shore.

 

FACT SHEET ON THE DECORATIONS FOR BRAVERY

BACKGROUND

The Decorations for Bravery were created in 1972. They recognize people who risk their lives and choose to defy their own instinct of survival to try to save a loved one or a perfect stranger whose life is in immediate danger.

The three levels of the Decorations for Bravery reflect the degree to which the recipients put themselves at risk:

The Cross of Valour (C.V.) recognizes acts of the most conspicuous courage in circumstances of extreme peril.

The Star of Courage (S.C.) recognizes acts of conspicuous courage in circumstances of great peril.

The Medal of Bravery (M.B.) recognizes acts of bravery in hazardous circumstances.

ELIGIBILITY AND NOMINATION

Anyone is free to propose the name of a person who has risked injury or death in an attempt to rescue another person. The incident need not have taken place in Canada, and the rescuer need not be Canadian, but Canadians or Canadian interests must be involved. The decorations may be awarded posthumously.

Nominations must be made within two years of the incident, or within two years after a public entity, including a court, a quasi-judicial tribunal or a coroner, has concluded its review of the circumstances surrounding the incident or act of bravery.

For more information on the Decorations for Bravery, please visit www.gg.ca/honours.