Investiture Ceremony

May 10, 2017

Governor General to Invest 45 Recipients into the Order of Canada

OTTAWA—His Excellency the Right Honourable David Johnston, Governor General of Canada, will invest 6 Officers and 39 Members into the Order of Canada during a ceremony at Rideau Hall, on Friday, May 12, 2017, at 10:30 a.m.

The ceremony will also mark the official premiere of the “Recipients’ March,” a processional commissioned to celebrate the Order of Canada’s 50th anniversary. Composed by Canadian Armed Forces member Warrant Officer Simon Paré, this piece will now be played as recipients enter the Ballroom at all Order of Canada investiture ceremonies.

Throughout the year, the Order of Canada’s 50th anniversary will be celebrated through a host of special initiatives and partnerships. To join the celebration, visit and use the hashtag #OC50.

About the Order of Canada

Created in 1967, the Order of Canada, one of our country’s highest civilian honours, recognizes outstanding achievement, dedication to the community and service to the nation. Close to 7 000 people from all sectors of society have been invested into the Order. Their contributions are varied, yet they have all enriched the lives of others and have taken to heart the motto of the Order: DESIDERANTES MELIOREM PATRIAM (“They desire a better country”). Appointments are made by the governor general on the recommendation of the Advisory Council for the Order of Canada.

A schedule for the investiture ceremony, the list of recipients with citations, and a backgrounder on the Order of Canada are attached.


Media wishing to cover the event are asked to confirm their attendance with the
Rideau Hall Press Office, and must arrive at the Princess Anne Entrance
no later than 10:15 a.m. on the day of the ceremony.

Media information:

Melanie Primeau
Rideau Hall Press Office
613-618-2691 (cell)

Follow GGDavidJohnston and RideauHall on Facebook and Twitter.


Members of the media are asked to observe the following schedule:

Ceremony Schedule
Time Description

9:45 a.m.:

Media arrive at Rideau Hall

10:30 a.m.:

Ceremony begins
The Governor General speaks
The Governor General presents the insignia of the Order of Canada
(Officers first, followed by Members)

11:45 a.m.:

Interviews with recipients


Officers of the Order of Canada Hometown
Ellen Bialystok, O.C. Toronto, Ont.
John Richard English, O.C.
This is a promotion within the Order.
Kitchener and Toronto, Ont.
Jean-Pierre Ferland, O.C., C.Q. Montréal, Que.
Eduardo L. Franco, O.C. Montréal, Que.
Serge Godin, O.C., O.Q.
This is a promotion within the Order.
Montréal, Que.
John McGarry, O.C. Kingston, Ont.


Member of the Order of Canada Hometown
Michael Adams, C.M. Toronto, Ont.
Marguerite Andersen, C.M. Toronto, Ont.
Leonard A. Bateman, C.M., O.M. Winnipeg, Man.
Françoise Baylis, C.M., O.N.S. Halifax, N.S.
Pierre-Michel Bouchard, C.M. Québec, Que.
Peter Bregg, C.M. Toronto, Ont.
Cassie Campbell-Pascall, C.M. Calgary, Alta.
Mariette Carrier-Fraser, C.M. Ottawa, Ont.
Harold Everett Chapman, C.M. Saskatoon, Sask.
Neena L. Chappell, C.M. Victoria, B.C.
Michael David Dan, C.M., O.Ont. Toronto, Ont.
Patricia Demers, C.M. Edmonton, Alta.
William Arthur Downe, C.M. Toronto, Ont.
Carole Anne Estabrooks, C.M. Edmonton, Alta.
John Foerster, C.M. Winnipeg, Man.
Gloria Margaret Gutman, C.M., O.B.C. Vancouver, B.C.
Gregory Hanson, C.M. Winnipeg, Man.
Diane Juster, C.M. Montréal, Que.
Ignat Kaneff, C.M., O.Ont. Mississauga, Ont.
Michael Charles Klein, C.M. Vancouver, B.C.
Shar Levine, C.M. Vancouver, B.C.
Mark Levine, C.M. Hamilton, Ont.
Janice (Kahehti:io) Longboat, C.M. Six Nations Reserve, Ont.
Steve Lurie, C.M. Toronto, Ont.
Joseph Mancini, C.M. and Stephanie Mancini, C.M. Kitchener, Ont.
Robert Marleau, C.M. Carleton Place, Ont.
Roger L. Martin, C.M. Toronto, Ont.
Richard Ian Guy Morrison, C.M. Ottawa, Ont.
The Honourable Graydon Nicholas, C.M., O.N.B. Fredericton, N.B.
Shane O'Dea, C.M., O.N.L. St. John’s, N.L.
Robert Pace, C.M. Halifax, N.S.
Eric L. Peterson, C.M. Heriot Bay, B.C.
Michel Picher, C.M. Ottawa, Ont.
Kent Roach, C.M. Toronto, Ont.
Howard Warren Rundle, C.M. London, Ont.
Ilkay Silk, C.M. Fredericton, N.B.
David Vaver, C.M. Toronto, Ont.
The Honourable Howard Wetston, C.M., Q.C. Toronto, Ont.



Ellen Bialystok, O.C.
Toronto, Ontario

Ellen Bialystok is helping the world better understand the benefits of bilingualism. A professor of psychology at York University, she is internationally recognized for uncovering how bilingualism enhances cognitive processing. Her rigorous studies overturned conventional wisdom about bilingualism hampering cognitive skills. She demonstrated that speaking two languages actually helps individuals handle a range of complex thinking tasks and may even provide a means of reducing the initial effects of dementia. She has presented her findings in prestigious institutions around the world, and sparked immense growth in her discipline.

John Richard English, O.C.
Kitchener and Toronto, Ontario

John English has enhanced our knowledge of the people and events that have shaped our history.  Executive director of the Bill Graham Centre for Contemporary International History at the University of Toronto, he is an eminent historian renowned for his writing, notably his award-winning biographies of Lester Pearson and Pierre Elliott Trudeau. Committed to public service, he has thoughtfully led institutions and initiatives that promote history, research and dialogue, such as the Centre for International Governance Innovation and the Dictionary of Canadian Biography. 

This is a promotion within the Order.

Jean-Pierre Ferland, O.C., C.Q.
Montréal, Quebec

One of Quebec's most prolific songwriters, he is well known for his romantic ballads. His optimism, his vitality and his good humour are the stuff of legend. His songs speak of our dreams, our hopes, our loves and our memories. Throughout his career, he has told stories and sung songs about the people of this great land. He has always been an articulate spokesperson for our values and our culture.

Eduardo L. Franco, O.C.
Montréal, Quebec

Eduardo Franco is a leader in the prevention of cervical cancer worldwide. A renowned cancer epidemiologist and chair of oncology at McGill University, he was instrumental in the discovery of the link between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer. As a result of his seminal work and his advocacy efforts, screening and immunization are now the standard of care in preventing the disease. Devoted to mobilizing research into policy and practice, he is an engaged academic who has served on editorial boards, funding panels and several international health organizations

Serge Godin, O.C., O.Q.
Montréal, Quebec

Serge Godin is a model of leadership and social engagement. One of our most illustrious entrepreneurs, he has successfully grown his company, CGI Group, into a global powerhouse of information technology of which Canada can be proud. He is also working to strengthen the social foundations of his community and country. Through his Fondation Jeunesse-Vie, he is increasingly helping to advance education and improve the well-being of disadvantaged youth, as well as promote the fine arts and cultural life.

This is a promotion within the Order.

John McGarry, O.C.
Kingston, Ontario

John McGarry has promoted peace and stability in regions defined by religious, ethnic or racial strife. A professor and Canada Research Chair at Queen’s University, he is the author of studies on power sharing and alternative governance systems by which some of the world’s most intractable conflicts can be addressed. Notably, his analysis of the Northern Ireland conflict contributed significantly to its successful peace process. Also an advisor to the United Nations, he has been called upon to help solve ethnic disputes in several countries.


Michael Adams, C.M.
Toronto, Ontario

As the co-founder and president of Environics Research, one of Canada’s first survey research companies, Michael Adams has shed light on our opinions and values. His work has expanded our understanding of the way Canadians define themselves, particularly when compared to our neighbours to the south. Through his creation of the non-profit Environics Institute for Survey Research, he has also supported research into issues that are sometimes overlooked, including the experiences of Canada’s Aboriginal, Black and Muslim communities. He is also a well-known author and public commentator.

Marguerite Andersen, C.M.
Toronto, Ontario

Through her masterful work, Marguerite Andersen has given a voice to women’s experiences in Canada. As a novelist, essayist and academic, she is dedicated to advancing the status of women’s studies, and has held the Chair in Women’s Studies at both Concordia and Mount Saint Vincent universities. Among her influential publications, Mother Was Not a Person is considered the first feminist anthology of the Canadian woman’s experience. As director of the journal Virages, the only Canadian French-language literary journal outside of Quebec, she has also helped to promote the evolution of Francophone literature in Canada.

Leonard A. Bateman, C.M., O.M.
Winnipeg, Manitoba

An electrical engineer specializing in high-voltage direct current transmission, Leonard Bateman has been an early leader in the renewable energy sector. As chair and CEO of Manitoba Hydro, he contributed significantly to establishing Manitoba’s electrical network and interconnections with the United States. Through such landmark projects as the Nelson River electric power transmission system, he has ensured reliable distribution of electricity throughout his province and beyond. Today, he lends his sound judgement and support to benefit cultural and educational organizations.

Françoise Baylis, C.M., O.N.S.
Halifax, Nova Scotia

An intellectual force in the field of bioethics, Françoise Baylis is a passionate advocate for ethics-based health policy decision making. The Canada Research Chair in Bioethics and Philosophy at Dalhousie University, she also served as secretary of the Royal Society of Canada’s Academy of the Arts and Humanities. Her innovative research focuses on women’s health, and explores the intersection of bioethics and public policy. Committed to meaningful public engagement, she has expanded the traditional role of bioethicists by equipping them with tools to intervene more effectively in policy debates.

Pierre-Michel Bouchard, C.M.
Québec, Quebec

For over 40 years, Pierre-Michel Bouchard has advocated for the well-being of his community. A respected attorney, he has distinguished himself by his strong commitment to culture and sport in Québec. As CEO of the Québec City Convention Centre, he puts his energy and talents into promoting business tourism in the region, thereby contributing to the province’s economic development. He is very active in governance, bringing his leadership and unwavering determination to support key players in the business, health and cultural sectors of his community.

Peter Bregg, C.M.
Toronto, Ontario

Peter Bregg’s photographs have captured and illuminated some of the most memorable moments of the last five decades. In such roles as chief photographer for Maclean’s magazine, he has covered events as diverse as Terry Fox’s funeral and the September 2001 terror attacks on the World Trade Center. In addition, he donates his time and photos to support a number of charitable organizations, such as the international development groups ORBIS and WaterAid.

Cassie Campbell-Pascall, C.M.
Calgary, Alberta

Cassie Campbell is one of Canada’s leading female athletes. She is the only Canadian in hockey history to captain two Olympic hockey teams to gold-medal victories. She has made an equally important impact off the ice by consistently promoting the growth of women’s hockey as a profession and by being the first woman to provide colour commentary on "Hockey Night in Canada." Her community involvement continues in her role as board member and ambassador of the Canadian Women’s Hockey League, and as a speaker and mentor.

Mariette Carrier-Fraser, C.M.
Ottawa, Ontario

Mariette Carrier-Fraser is a tireless advocate for the right to access education and health services in French in Ontario. Having worked for nearly 40 years at all levels of the education system, she oversaw the creation of Ontario’s 12 French-language school boards and the establishment of Collège Boréal and Collège des Grands Lacs. A determined and influential woman, she provides support for the governance of dozens of community and institutional organizations, including Hôpital Montfort and the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care’s French Language Health Services Advisory Council, which she chairs.

Harold Everett Chapman, C.M.
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan

For more than 70 years, Harold Chapman has embodied the spirit of generosity and egalitarianism that are the hallmarks of Saskatchewan’s co-operative movement. Dedicated to helping workers take control of their own labour, he organized co-operatives for veterans following the Second World War and later served as the principal of the Co-operative College of Canada. During his long tenure, he taught thousands how to improve their economic well-being through co-operative principles and conducted educational programs throughout Canada and overseas. His legacy continues to inspire many and he remains deeply involved in various community organizations in Saskatoon.

Neena L. Chappell, C.M.
Victoria, British Columbia

Neena Chappell is highly respected for her work in improving care for seniors. Canada Research Chair in Social Gerontology at the University of Victoria, she studies senior care, dementia treatment and healthy aging. Her pioneering research highlights the advantage of cost-effective home care resources for seniors. Having established two leading research centres in her field, she also helped launch the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging. She has contributed to some of Canada’s most significant policy issues and has helped shape the development of social programs for our aging population.

Michael David Dan, C.M., O.Ont.
Toronto, Ontario

A committed philanthropist, Michael Dan is a model of social responsibility and generosity. A former neurosurgeon, he created the Paloma Foundation to fund organizations that assist marginalized people in Toronto. Dedicated to Canada’s Aboriginal community, he has created opportunities for future generations by supporting businesses on reserves. Recently, he also endowed the Waakebiness-Bryce Institute for Indigenous Health at the University of Toronto, the first privately-endowed research institute in the world geared to the unique health needs of Aboriginal people.

Patricia Demers, C.M.
Edmonton, Alberta

Patricia Demers is a tireless champion for the humanities and for the forgotten voices in Canadian literature. A professor at the University of Alberta, she studies the literary works of women and children that have been largely overlooked, highlighting their significance to our cultural identity. As vice-president of the Social Science and Humanities Council, and the first woman to serve as president of the Royal Society of Canada, she has championed the valuable role that humanities play in ensuring a fair and open society through the growth of informed citizens and leaders.

William Arthur Downe, C.M.
Toronto, Ontario

William Downe is committed to enhancing diversity and inclusion. He is the chief executive officer of BMO Financial Group, an organization that has been recognized as a model of inclusivity. His strong belief in philanthropy has permeated the culture of the firm to the benefit of the financial industry and the many charities it supports. A strong supporter of education and health care, he dedicates time and energy to institutions such as the University of Toronto, St. Michael’s Hospital, and United Way Toronto and York Region.

Carole Anne Estabrooks, C.M.
Edmonton, Alberta

Carole Estabrooks is a scholar and nurse whose work has improved the quality of care for seniors. A Canada Research Chair at the University of Alberta, she explores how an organization’s context influences the use of research evidence by health care practitioners. The reliable tools she has designed are widely used in her field to help organizations assess and improve their ability to apply medical advances to patient care. Her strategies for overcoming barriers to the transfer of evidence into best practices have led to concrete advances in the health and well-being of long-term care residents in Canada.

John Foerster, C.M.
Winnipeg, Manitoba

A hematologist and oncologist, John Foerster developed health science infrastructure that has greatly benefited his province and country. As a health care leader, he played a central role in the transition of St. Boniface Hospital into a widely recognized centre for teaching and medical research in a broad range of fields. He also led the launch of the hospital’s International Award program, which recognizes individuals who have made outstanding contributions to health care and to humanity as a whole.

Gloria Margaret Gutman, C.M., O.B.C.
Vancouver, British Columbia

Compassion and dedication are the hallmarks of Gloria Gutman’s career. As founding director and chair of the Gerontology Research Centre and of the Gerontology Department at Simon Fraser University, she led important studies and educational initiatives to improve the quality of life for senior citizens. She has consulted with numerous community and public health groups to develop urban infrastructures tailored for elderly users. As president of the International Network for the Prevention of Elder Abuse, she worked to ensure the protection of our aging population.

Gregory Hanson, C.M.
Winnipeg, Manitoba

Gregory Hanson’s leadership in the business and voluntary sectors has enriched his community. As former CEO of the insurance firm Wawanesa Mutual, he was known for his business savvy, for fostering a sense of corporate responsibility among his employees and for leading by example. Respected for his enthusiasm and genuine concern for others, he has supported a variety of causes ranging from sports initiatives and poverty reduction to First Nations education and community building. Now retired, he chairs an early childhood development initiative to improve outcomes for Winnipeg’s most vulnerable children.

Diane Juster, C.M.
Montréal, Quebec

Diane Juster is one our country’s most successful singer-songwriters. She has written some of the most beautiful songs for several of Canada’s leading performers. With a rich discography of her own, she has been enchanting audiences with her voice and talent at the piano for over 40 years. Known affectionately as the “copyright fairy,” she has tirelessly dedicated herself to promoting and protecting the work of artists across Canada. She co-founded the Société professionnelle des auteurs et des compositeurs du Québec and the Society for Reproduction Rights of Authors, Composers and Publishers in Canada.

Ignat Kaneff, C.M., O.Ont.
Mississauga, Ontario

Ignat Kaneff is a builder in every sense of the word. Since establishing his own construction company over 50 years ago, he has built homes, high rises, plazas, office towers and golf courses, serving as a major driver of economic growth in the Peel Region. Yet he is also known as a community builder who is often the catalyst behind initiatives in education, health care, the arts and social services. His generous philanthropy has enriched the lives of residents in his city and in Bulgaria, his country of birth.

Michael Charles Klein, C.M.
Vancouver, British Columbia

Michael Klein has played a vital role in placing maternity care at the heart of family medicine. Refusing to serve in the United States medical corps during the Vietnam War, he fled to Canada in 1967 and went on to become a family practitioner, a pediatrician and a professor at McGill University and the University of British Columbia. Concerned by the harmful effects of certain medical interventions during the birth process, he advocated for family-friendly birth practices, including the re-introduction of midwifery, the promotion of doulas and the elimination of routine intrusive interventions such as episiotomy—all of which are now widely accepted in birth settings.

Shar Levine, C.M.
Vancouver, British Columbia

Shar Levine is committed to improving scientific literacy for children, parents and teachers. Known as the Science Lady, she has made science come alive with her books, website, presentations and workshops that get kids involved in hands-on experiments. She co-founded the Celebrate Science event at the University of British Columbia to connect teacher candidates, librarians and parents with Canadian children’s science writers. Also an advocate and fundraiser for literary and literacy organizations, she is a committed supporter of the Canadian Children’s Book Centre, Books for Me!, and the Children’s Writers and Illustrators of British Columbia Society.

Mark Levine, C.M.
Hamilton, Ontario

As a professor of oncology at McMaster University, Mark Levine is improving the lives of cancer patients at home and abroad. His research and large-scale clinical trials have led to the development of a number of new treatment regimens and improvements to existing treatments that have become the Canadian standard in clinical practice. His guidelines for improving doctor-patient communications have resulted in more comprehensive conversations around the risks and benefits of treatment. He also co-founded the Escarpment Cancer Research Institute, a world-renowned centre that combines leading science with excellence in patient care.

Janice (Kahehti:io) Longboat, C.M.
Six Nations Reserve, Ontario

Janice (Kahehti:io) Longboat is a Mohawk Elder and guardian of traditional Aboriginal practices. A natural health practitioner, she founded the Earth Healing Herb Garden & Retreat Centre where her teaching of holistic indigenous well-being practices benefited thousands of survivors of residential schools and colonization. An early proponent of the restoration of Aboriginal identity as a means of healing, she has shared her knowledge locally, nationally and internationally. She was also recently appointed as an overseeing Elder of the inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women.

Steve Lurie, C.M.
Toronto, Ontario

Compassionate and steadfast, Steve Lurie has made a significant difference in how Canadians view and understand mental illness. As executive director of the Toronto branch of the Canadian Mental Health Association, he has helped transform this grassroots organization into a leading provider of effective, community-based mental health services that include housing, employment and peer support. He is highly respected nationally as a scholar and advocate for improved access to and funding for mental health care, and the empowerment of people living with mental illness and their families.

Joseph Mancini, C.M. and Stephanie Mancini, C.M.
Kitchener, Ontario

As a young couple inspired by faith, Joseph and Stephanie Mancini founded the Working Centre as a response to poverty and homelessness in downtown Kitchener. From modest beginnings, it has grown into a complex of a dozen buildings that provide food, shelter, and job training and other skills to over a thousand people every day. Known for their co-operative and egalitarian principles, they lead the Centre by example and have partnered with other organizations across Canada to spread their message of hope and commitment.

Robert Marleau, C.M.
Carleton Place, Ontario

Robert Marleau has dedicated his life to public service. Having served for many years as clerk of the House of Commons, he developed parliamentary practices and procedures and authored works that are considered authoritative for Canadian legislatures. As both privacy commissioner and information commissioner, he was lauded for improving the integrity of both organizations. Today, he brings his staunch impartiality and diligence to the City of Ottawa, where he serves as integrity commissioner.

Roger L. Martin, C.M.
Toronto, Ontario

A revolutionary business thinker, Roger Martin has changed the face of management education internationally. As dean of the Rotman School of Management, he expanded its international reputation by piloting an innovative education model based on the concept of integrative thinking. His model emphasizes the use of opposing ideas to create better solutions, blurring the lines between business disciplines. He is an influential author of several books on issues related to business strategy, the future of democratic capitalism and global competitiveness, and is a trusted strategic advisor to governments and corporate leaders.

Richard Ian Guy Morrison, C.M.
Ottawa, Ontario

Richard Ian Guy Morrison’s work as a research scientist at Environment Canada has had a profound impact on the conservation of Arctic shorebirds. His low-altitude aerial population surveys of migratory sites in Mexico and in Central and South America led to the creation of a 15-country network of wildlife reserves stretching from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego. A role model and mentor to ornithologists throughout the Americas, he continues to spend considerable time in the field and, in recent years, has focused on Arctic bird species that are the most vulnerable to climate change.

The Honourable Graydon Nicholas, C.M., O.N.B.
Fredericton, New Brunswick

Graydon Nicholas has built bonds between the citizens of New Brunswick. A former legal advisor and president of the Union of New Brunswick Indians, he advanced initiatives to improve conditions in First Nations communities. Appointed New Brunswick’s first Indigenous judge and later, its first Indigenous lieutenant governor, he used these roles to champion better education for Indigenous youth and respect for Indigenous traditions. This role model continues to speak out on issues of importance to his community, including the preservation of Indigenous languages and the need for reconciliation.

Shane O'Dea, C.M., O.N.L.
St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador

For more than 40 years, Shane O’Dea has been a powerful advocate for the protection of Newfoundland and Labrador’s built heritage. Over that time, he has been sought out by politicians, academics, activists and the general public for his commitment to and exhaustive knowledge of the unique architecture of his region. A celebrated figure at Memorial University, he is a gifted teacher and mentor who continuously challenges his students. As well, he is the university’s public orator, whose eloquent speeches enliven convocation ceremonies and reinforce the institution’s traditions.

Robert Pace, C.M.
Halifax, Nova Scotia

Deeply involved in many entrepreneurial initiatives, from the Maritime Broadcasting System to High Liner Foods, Robert Pace has been a driving force for the improvement of the economic well-being of Atlantic Canada. An accomplished Halifax businessman, he also contributes his organizational skills and expertise to helping charitable and public-interest organizations, such as the Walter Gordon Foundation and the Atlantic Salmon Federation. His contributions as a business leader have also extended beyond the Maritime region through his current role as chair of CN Rail.

Eric L. Peterson, C.M.
Heriot Bay, British Columbia

Eric Peterson is a hands-on philanthropist who supports initiatives that produce tangible results. Following his success as a scientist and entrepreneur in the field of medical imaging, he launched the Tula Foundation to tackle deep-rooted health and environmental issues through science, education and community leadership. His efforts, in collaboration with a network of partners, have resulted in several notable programs, including the Hakai Institute, which conducts long-term ecological research and community initiatives in remote locations on the British Columbia coast; and TulaSalud, which addresses primary health systems and nursing in rural regions of Guatemala.

Michel Picher, C.M.
Ottawa, Ontario

Known for inspiring trust and confidence, Michel Picher is one of Canada’s most accomplished labour arbitrators. Focusing primarily on such key federally regulated industries as railways, airlines and the postal service, the cumulative body of his work has shaped how these industries function and has promoted harmonious labour relations. His seminal decisions have served as important precedents used by many in labour arbitration. Fluently bilingual, he is also lauded for his efforts to integrate French-language concerns in high-level arbitration.

Kent Roach, C.M.
Toronto, Ontario

Kent Roach has made outstanding contributions to protecting our civil liberties. A long-time professor at the University of Toronto, he is also a skilled litigator who has participated in some of the most significant Charter rights cases of the last few decades. His far-reaching involvement in social justice has spanned forums as diverse as the Ipperwash, Arar and Air India inquiries, as well as the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. In recent years, he has also emerged as a leading figure in counterterrorism studies whose voice is among the most influential in contemporary debates on the limits of security.

Howard Warren Rundle, C.M.
London, Ontario

Through education, Howard Rundle has contributed to greater opportunity and prosperity for people in his region. As the longest-serving president of Fanshawe College, he oversaw its impressive growth, introduced new programs and facilitated the largest campus expansion in the school’s history. At the provincial and national levels, he is recognized as a thoughtful leader who has shared his expertise with various organizations. Notably, he led the development of a new funding formula for Ontario colleges that improved transparency and supported enrolment growth.

Ilkay Silk, C.M.
Fredericton, New Brunswick

Ilkay Silk has left an indelible mark on New Brunswick’s cultural scene. An actor, director, producer and educator, she was the influential head of drama at St. Thomas University for decades, nurturing the development of young actors and spearheading the construction of a state-of-the-art theatre for amateur and professional companies. She also provided performance opportunities for youth as co-founder of Theatre New Brunswick’s Young Company and NotaBle Acts, a festival that features emerging playwrights, actors and directors. Her mentorship and creativity have also benefited Theatre New Brunswick and its foundation.

David Vaver, C.M.
Toronto, Ontario

David Vaver is Canada’s preeminent scholar of intellectual property law. A professor at Osgoode Hall, professor emeritus at Oxford University, and the former director of the Oxford Intellectual Property Research Centre, he has improved society’s ability to contend with the legal implications of technological change. He is relied on by the courts for the balance that his work strikes between the rights of intellectual property holders and users, and he has served as an advisor to governments around the world seeking to modernize their intellectual property regimes.

The Honourable Howard Wetston, C.M., Q.C.
Toronto, Ontario

Howard Wetston has been a transformative leader in Canada’s public service. Rising from humble beginnings, he trained as a lawyer and rose to the position of federal court judge. His inspiring leadership led him to make a lasting impact in a wide range of senior public service roles, both provincially and federally. Notably, as chair of the Ontario Securities Commission, he is lauded for having reinforced Canadian securities safeguards. He has also campaigned strongly for the transformation of Canadian business practice to be more inclusive of women in senior management.


Established in 1967 by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, the Order of Canada is the cornerstone of the Canadian Honours System, and recognizes outstanding achievement, dedication to the community and service to the nation. The Order recognizes people in all sectors of Canadian society. Their contributions are varied, yet they have all enriched the lives of others and made a difference to this country.

Motto and Levels

The Order of Canada’s motto is DESIDERANTES MELIOREM PATRIAM (“They desire a better country”). Her Majesty The Queen is the Sovereign of the Order, and the governor general is the chancellor and Principal Companion of the Order.

  • Companion – Post-nominal: C.C.
    recognizes national pre-eminence or international service or achievement;
  • Officer – Post-nominal: O.C.
    recognizes national service or achievement; and
  • Member – Post-nominal: C.M.
    recognizes outstanding contributions at the local or regional level or in a special field of activity.

Insignia Description

The insignia of the Order is a stylized snowflake of six points, with a red annulus at its centre which bears a stylized maple leaf circumscribed with the motto of the Order, DESIDERANTES MELIOREM PATRIAM (They desire a better country), surmounted by the Royal Crown. It is struck in fine silver and is composed of three individual pieces: the snowflake, annulus and maple leaf. The colour is added by hand through a unique application of opaque and translucent viscous enamel.

The design of the insignia of the Order of Canada dates from 1967, and is credited to Bruce Beatty, C.M., S.O.M., C.D. The technical drawings used by the Royal Canadian Mint in this new generation of the insignia were developed by the Canadian Heraldic Authority at the Chancellery of Honours, part of the Office of the Secretary to the Governor General. The insignia is manufactured by the Mint at its Ottawa facility.


All Canadians are eligible for the Order of Canada, with the exception of federal and provincial politicians and judges while in office. The Order’s constitution permits non-Canadians to be considered for honorary appointments. Members of the Royal Family, governors general and their spouses are appointed in the extraordinary category. There are no posthumous appointments.

Officers and Members may be elevated within the Order in recognition of further achievement, based on continued exceptional or extraordinary service to Canada. Usually, promotions are considered five years after the first appointment.


Any person or group is welcome to nominate a deserving individual as a candidate for appointment to the Order of Canada. Appointments are made on the recommendations of the Advisory Council for the Order of Canada, an independent council chaired by the chief justice of Canada. Members of the Advisory Council on the Order of Canada reflect the diversity and excellence in Canadian society. Certain members are appointed by virtue of their office; others are appointed for a fixed term to achieve a balanced representation of the various regions of the country.

For more information about the Order of Canada or to nominate someone,
visit our website at