The Viceregal Lion
  1. The Governor General of Canada
  2. His Excellency the Right Honourable David Johnston
News & Events
  • Print Preview
  • Print: 
  •  Send to Facebook (Opens in a new window)
  •  Send to Twitter (Opens in a new window)
  • Send to E-mail (Opens in a new window)
  • Share: 

News

Decorations for Bravery Ceremony

April 18, 2012

Governor General to Present 38 Decorations for Bravery

OTTAWA—His Excellency the Right Honourable David Johnston, Governor General of Canada, will present 2 Stars of Courage and 36 Medals of Bravery at a ceremony at Rideau Hall, on Friday, April 20, 2012, at 10:30 a.m.

The Decorations for Bravery were created in 1972, to recognize people who risked their lives to try to save or protect the lives of others. The Cross of Valour (C.V.) recognizes acts of the most conspicuous courage in circumstances of extreme peril; the Star of Courage (S.C.) recognizes acts of conspicuous courage in circumstances of great peril; and the Medal of Bravery (M.B.) recognizes acts of bravery in hazardous circumstances.

A media schedule for the presentation ceremony, a list of recipients and their citations, and a fact sheet on the Decorations for Bravery are enclosed.

-30-

Media information
Marie-Pierre Bélanger         
Rideau Hall Press Office
613-998-9166
marie-pierre.belanger@gg.ca             
www.gg.ca

Follow GGDavidJohnston and RideauHall on Facebook and Twitter


CEREMONY SCHEDULE

Members of the media are asked to observe the following schedule:

9:45 a.m.
:        Media start to arrive at Rideau Hall
10:30 a.m.:      Ceremony begins
                       The Governor General speaks
                       The Governor General presents the Decorations for Bravery
12 p.m.:           Interviews with recipients


RECIPIENTS

STAR OF COURAGE

Marc Fortier, S.C. (posthumous)

Amos, Que.

Corporal Winston William Matheson, S.C., C.D.

Enfield, N.S.


MEDAL OF BRAVERY

Constable Mansoor Ahmad, M.B.

Richmond Hill, Ont.

Lauchlin Henry Alexander Armstrong, M.B.

Port Hawkesbury, N.S.

Lieutenant(N) André D. Bard, M.B., C.D.

Esquimalt, B.C.

Tyler Bell-Morena, M.B.

Brantford, Ont.

Paul Bergeron, M.B.

Hemmingford, Que.

Darren Jason Bieber, M.B.

Weyburn, Sask.

Constable Michael Allan Biron, M.B.

Cornwall, Ont.

Freddy Borau, M.B.

Montréal, Que.

James Joseph Bourgeois, M.B.

Prince Rupert, B.C.

Yves Ducharme, M.B.

Hemmingford, Que.

Richard Dufresne, M.B.

Mississauga, Ont.

Constable Michel Durocher, M.B.

Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Que.

Sergeant Kent James Gulliford, M.B., M.S.M., C.D.

Kamloops, B.C. and Gander, N.L.

Michael John Hancock, M.B. (posthumous)

Kitchener, Ont.

Ernest John Herrfort, M.B.

Listowel, Ont.

Mark Arthur Janke, M.B.

Elbow, Sask.

Kevin Jelley-Kasper, M.B.

Toronto, Ont.

Chad Khadr, M.B.

Gatineau, Que.

Corporal Tamer Khadr, M.B.

Ottawa, Ont.

Gunter Lambeets, M.B.

Hemmingford, Que.

Tyler Ross Laton, M.B.

Airdrie, Alta.

Daniel Magny, M.B.

Sainte-Geneviève-de-Batiscan, Que.

Dawn Rene Manning, M.B.

Rossland, B.C.

Michel Masse, M.B.

Verdun and Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Que.

Jeff Sean McCarthy, M.B.

Regina, Sask.

Jeremy Francis Michelin, M.B.

North West River, N.L.

Leading Seaman Patrick S. Moulden, M.B., C.D.

Hamilton, Ont. and Victoria, B.C.

Constable David Paul Murtha, M.B.

Lindsay, Ont.

Jason William Phillips, M.B.

Kincardine, Ont.

Wayne Pruden, M.B.

Trenton, Ont.

Master Corporal Daniel Edward Gilles Rochette, M.B., C.D.

Sudbury and Napanee, Ont.

George Cosmin Rusu, M.B.

Ottawa, Ont.

Yves Soumillon, M.B.

Cornwall, Ont.

David Wilbert Townsend, M.B.

Fergus, Ont.

Ronald Earl Walton, M.B.

Elmira, Ont.

Constable Daryl Whitten, M.B.

Peterborough, Ont.


CITATIONS

STAR OF COURAGE

Marc Fortier, S.C. (posthumous)
Amos, Quebec
Star of Courage

On May 17, 2009, Marc Fortier courageously gave his life to protect a friend from being attacked by her ex-boyfriend, in Amos, Quebec. Mr. Fortier was visiting the woman at her apartment when the assailant burst in and violently pinned her down. Mr. Fortier pulled the man off her, giving the woman a chance to escape to her baby’s room and call the police. Meanwhile, Mr. Fortier tried to calm the intruder down, but was stabbed repeatedly. While on the floor and bleeding profusely, Mr. Fortier still tried to get up to help his friend. The attacker managed to take the woman and baby hostage, and after hours of negotiating with the police, the man agreed to release Mr. Fortier, then the baby, and eventually the woman. Sadly, Mr. Fortier did not survive his wounds.

The decoration awarded to the late Mr. Fortier will be received by his daughters, Misses Mélissa Fortier and Marie-Ève Fortier.

Corporal Winston William Matheson, S.C., C.D.
Enfield, Nova Scotia
Star of Courage

On November 20, 2009, Corporal Winston Matheson rescued a wounded soldier from a burning bus, following a head-on collision in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia. The driver of a bus carrying two passengers was unable to avoid an oncoming SUV that had drifted into his lane. On impact, Corporal Matheson was thrown forward and landed halfway through the front windshield. Despite his injuries, he made his way back inside the bus to search for the other passenger, while the bus driver escaped. Corporal Matheson grabbed the injured man and, with great difficulty, opened the emergency exit and pushed him outside. Corporal Matheson then fell unconscious but was pulled to safety before the bus became completely engulfed in flames.


MEDAL OF BRAVERY

Constable Mansoor Ahmad, M.B.
Richmond Hill, Ontario
Medal of Bravery

On February 4, 2009, Toronto Police Constable Mansoor Ahmad risked his life to stop a speeding car on the Don Valley Parkway, in Toronto, Ontario. Alerted to the scene, Constable Ahmad pulled up beside the vehicle, which was swerving erratically and smashing into cement barriers. Constable Ahmad drove ahead and let the vehicle hit his own cruiser in an effort to slow it down. He was then able to guide it to a stop at the side of the road, where he found the driver unconscious, with his foot still on the accelerator. The victim had suffered a seizure, but thanks to Constable Ahmad’s quick thinking, he received the appropriate care needed and no other travellers were injured.

Lauchlin Henry Alexander Armstrong, M.B.
Port Hawkesbury, Nova Scotia
Medal of Bravery

On May 27, 2008, Lauchlin Armstrong, an off-duty paramedic and volunteer firefighter, rescued a man from a burning house, in Port Malcolm, Nova Scotia. Mr. Armstrong responded to a 911 call made by the victim, whose limited mobility prevented him from escaping. Without any equipment, Mr. Armstrong entered the residence, made his way to the victim and brought him outside. Mr. Armstrong then returned inside several more times to retrieve the victim’s necessary breathing equipment. The fire department arrived shortly afterwards and extinguished the fire.

Lieutenant(N) André D. Bard, M.B., C.D.
Esquimalt, British Columbia
Leading Seaman David J. S. Denman, M.B
Shearwater, Nova Scotia
Medal of Bravery

On September 23, 2009, while working as a dive team, Lieutenant André Bard and Leading Seaman David Denman risked their lives to search for possible live ammunition in a pond, in Stewiacke,
Nova Scotia. An unknown number of grenades had been thrown into a large pond. One of the explosives had malfunctioned and was in an extremely dangerous state. Using a metal mine detector in the murky water, the dive team searched the bottom of the pond, where they found the unexploded grenade buried deep in the mud. The device was carried a safe distance away and detonated. Lieutenant Bard and Leading Seaman Denman continued their thorough search of the pond, finding and removing other weapon fragments.

The decoration awarded to Leading Seaman Denman was presented at a previous ceremony.

Tyler Bell-Morena, M.B.
Brantford, Ontario
Paul Bergeron, M.B.
Hemmingford, Quebec
Freddy Borau, M.B.
Montréal, Quebec
Yves Ducharme, M.B.
Hemmingford, Quebec
Gunter Lambeets, M.B.
Hemmingford, Quebec
Medal of Bravery

On May 13, 2009, Freddy Borau, Tyler Bell-Morena, Paul Bergeron, Yves Ducharme and Gunter Lambeets rescued Mr. Borau’s elderly mother from her burning house, in Hemmingford, Quebec. Mr. Borau was at home with his mother and his stepson, Tyler Bell-Morena, when the fire broke out in the living room. With Tyler’s help, Mr. Borau was able to bring his mother closer to the front door of the residence, but lost hold of her in the thickening smoke and rapidly spreading flames. The two men stumbled out, suffering from smoke inhalation and burns. At that point, neighbours Paul Bergeron, Yves Ducharme and Gunter Lambeets crawled inside the house to locate the victim. After retreating several times to get air, they successfully pulled the woman to safety.

Darren Jason Bieber, M.B.
Weyburn, Saskatchewan
Mark Arthur Janke, M.B.
Elbow, Saskatchewan
Medal of Bravery

On April 28, 2007, Darren Bieber and Mark Janke rescued one person from a submerged vehicle, near Stoughton, Saskatchewan. A car with five people on board had lost control, left the roadway and flipped into a water-filled ditch. One of the occupants got out and ran to the road to alert passersby. Mr. Janke stopped his vehicle and got out to help. He was able to pull two people out of the wreckage. At that point, Mr. Bieber arrived and helped Mr. Janke pull out the last two victims. Messrs. Bieber and Janke took care of the two survivors until the ambulance arrived. Sadly, three of the occupants did not survive.

Constable Michael Allan Biron, M.B.
Cornwall, Ontario
Yves Soumillon, M.B.
Cornwall, Ontario
Medal of Bravery

On November 14, 2008, Constable Mike Biron, of the Akwesasne Mohawk Police, and Border Services Officer Yves Soumillon tried unsuccessfully to rescue two people from a burning vehicle, on Cornwall Island, Ontario. After being struck by a speeding van, the victims’ car burst into flames. Arriving at the scene, Constable Biron and Mr. Soumillon both tried desperately to open the damaged doors. Unfortunately, they were unable to pull the victims out before the flames completely engulfed the vehicle.

James Joseph Bourgeois, M.B.
Prince Rupert, British Columbia
Medal of Bravery

On March 26, 2009, James Bourgeois rescued a woman running away from her estranged husband, in Nanaimo, British Columbia. Mr. Bourgeois looked in his rear-view mirror and saw a panicked woman pursuing his vehicle. He stopped, allowing the woman to get inside. It was at this moment that Mr. Bourgeois saw the attacker, armed with a semi-automatic handgun, trying to pull the woman out of the car. The assailant tried to shoot her, but his gun misfired. Without hesitation, Mr. Bourgeois sped away and instructed the woman to stay down while they made their way to the police station.

Richard Dufresne, M.B.
Mississauga, Ontario
Medal of Bravery

On November 5, 2007, Richard Dufresne assisted at the scene of a car accident, in Toronto, Ontario. A vehicle had been struck from behind while stopped at a busy intersection. The driver realized that the force of the impact had injured her passenger, so she sought help from bystanders across the street. Mr. Dufresne, an off-duty firefighter, offered to go with her to check on the passenger. Still in a state of shock, the woman stepped off the curb into oncoming traffic. Mr. Dufresne quickly pulled her to safety, but was unable to get out of the way himself and had his foot crushed by a passing car. Despite the excruciating pain, Mr. Dufresne took control of the scene until emergency services arrived.

Constable Michel Durocher, M.B.
Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Quebec
Medal of Bravery

On March 9, 2010, Constable Michel Durocher attempted to save a man from a possible drowning in the icy waters of Lake St. Louis, in Baie-d’Urfé, Quebec. Called to the scene, Constable Durocher and his colleague spotted the victim clinging to the ice. Constable Durocher began to make his way toward the individual, but when he was within 30 metres of the victim, the ice gave way and he plunged into the water up to his shoulders. He tried again to reach the victim, but realized he was weakening the ice and decided to turn back. Using a small boat, firefighters were then able to pull the victim out of the water to safety.

Sergeant Kent James Gulliford, M.B., M.S.M., C.D.
Kamloops, British Columbia and Gander, Newfoundland and Labrador
Medal of Bravery

On April 24, 2009, Sergeant Kent Gulliford rescued an injured backcountry skier who had fallen into a deep crevice on Mount Compton Glacier, northeast of Vancouver, British Columbia. Sergeant Gulliford was the search and rescue team leader aboard the Cormorant helicopter tasked to locate and rescue the victim. In complete darkness, the Cormorant was kept in a hover position over the steep face of the glacier, while two of the victim’s companions were hoisted aboard. Sergeant Gulliford was then lowered into the 30-metre crevice where he located the injured victim. It was a complex operation for him to get them both hoisted up to the helicopter without further incident. Sadly, the victim did not survive.

Michael John Hancock, M.B. (posthumous)
Kitchener, Ontario
William John McKeag, M.B.
Kincardine, Ontario
Jason William Phillips, M.B.
Kincardine, Ontario
Ronald Earl Walton, M.B.
Elmira, Ontario
Medal of Bravery

On September 7, 2008, Michael Hancock lost his life trying to rescue his daughter who was caught in the strong current of Lake Huron, in Kincardine, Ontario. He and his family were spending the day at the beach when his daughter was caught up in the waves. He swam out to her and was bringing her back to shore when they were pulled apart. In a nearby boat, William McKeag and Ronald Walton donned life jackets and navigated towards the victims, only to end up in the water themselves as the waves swamped their small craft. They swam towards Mr. Hancock and struggled to bring the unconscious man in. When they were some 30 metres away from shore, bystanders threw them a ring buoy and pulled the three men to safety. Meanwhile, Jason Phillips swam out to the girl and brought her to the beach, where she was revived. Sadly, Mr. Hancock did not survive.

The decoration awarded to the late Mr. Hancock will be received by his wife, Mrs. Victoria Hancock.
The decoration awarded to Mr. McKeag will be presented at a later date.

Ernest John Herrfort, M.B.
Listowel, Ontario
Medal of Bravery

On December 19, 2009, Ernest Herrfort protected his family from an armed intruder, in Listowel, Ontario. A man armed with two guns entered an apartment building and started threatening residents in the hallway. Seeing this, Mr. Herrfort ran to call the police. The intruder followed him, and managed to get inside Mr. Herrfort’s apartment, where he frantically waived his guns and shot off a round into the ceiling. Fearing for the safety of his family, Mr. Herrfort struggled with the gunman and restrained him until the police arrived.

Kevin Jelley-Kasper, M.B.
Toronto, Ontario
Medal of Bravery

On October 12, 2007, Kevin Jelley-Kasper pulled an intoxicated man from a burning vehicle, in Mississauga, Ontario. Mr. Jelley-Kasper noticed a vehicle on fire in a parking lot and heard the driver scream that he was stuck. As flames and smoke rose from the car’s engine, Mr. Jelley-Kasper reached inside and struggled to untie the man’s seat belt. By then, the fire was spreading up from the bottom of the dashboard. The rescuer could feel the heat as he tried to pull the driver out, who was gripping the steering wheel in panic. After some effort, Mr. Jelley-Kasper was finally able to move the uncooperative man a safe distance away.

Chad Khadr, M.B.
Gatineau, Quebec
Corporal Tamer Khadr, M.B.
Ottawa, Ontario
Medal of Bravery

On March 14, 2010, Chad Khadr and his cousin, Corporal Tamer Khadr, rescued a man from a burning vehicle, on Highway 15, in southern Quebec. The car had skidded on the wet pavement, hit a pole and landed on the median, causing a fire to break out in the engine compartment. The passenger managed to get out and was led to safety by Corporal Khadr while Chad Khadr pried open the driver’s side door. Corporal Khadr crawled into the smoke-filled vehicle through the passenger side and undid the driver’s seat belt. The rescuers worked quickly to free the victim and carried him a safe distance away before flames fully engulfed the wreckage.

Tyler Ross Laton, M.B.
Airdrie, Alberta
Medal of Bravery

On April 19, 2010, Tyler Laton entered a burning house to evacuate its two occupants, in Airdrie, Alberta. While others called 911, Mr. Laton entered a neighbour’s house, the garage of which was on fire. He called out to see if anyone was inside, and searched throughout the smoke-filled main floor. He made his way upstairs to alert the occupants, who seemed unaware of the imminent danger. He quickly got them outside as the fire spread to neighbouring houses.

Daniel Magny, M.B.
Sainte-Geneviève-de-Batiscan, Quebec
Medal of Bravery

On July 14, 2009, Daniel Magny rescued a woman who was trapped inside a burning vehicle, in Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pérade, Quebec. The driver had missed a curve in the road, causing the vehicle to hit a culvert, roll over and burst into flames. Mr. Magny, who was driving by, stopped to assist. He reached in through the broken window, undid the driver’s seatbelt and tore out the steering wheel. Flames were spreading out from the dash as he successfully pulled the woman out and carried her a safe distance away. Unfortunately, Mr. Magny was unable to search for the passenger, as the vehicle was then completely consumed by the fire.

Dawn Rene Manning, M.B.
Rossland, British Columbia
Medal of Bravery

On September 2, 2009, Dawn Manning bravely fought off a cougar that was attacking her five-year-old son during a hike on Mount Abercrombie, in the State of Washington. Ms. Manning was walking with her son when a cougar sprang out of the bushes and attacked the boy. Yelling as loud as she could, Ms. Manning grabbed her metal water bottle and repeatedly hit the animal until it retreated into the bush. The boy survived, thanks to
Ms. Manning’s selfless actions.

Michel Masse, M.B.
Verdun and Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Quebec
Medal of Bravery

On April 12, 2010, Michel Masse saved a distressed teenager who was trying to drown herself in Saint François Bay, in Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Quebec. Mr. Masse and his spouse were out for a walk when they saw the young girl throw herself into the frigid water. Without hesitation, Mr. Masse jumped into the water and swam with difficulty toward the girl, who was being carried away by the current. Despite his fatigue, Mr. Masse found the strength to bring her back to shore, safe and sound.

Jeff Sean McCarthy, M.B.
Regina, Saskatchewan
Medal of Bravery

On February 27, 2008, Jeff McCarthy risked his life to rescue a woman who was trapped inside her vehicle following a collision near Balgonie, Saskatchewan. Having witnessed an accident between a semi-tractor trailer and a car, Mr. McCarthy ran across the highway through thick fog to help. He reached in through the passenger side door of the car and pulled the injured driver out. Without concern for his own life, Mr. McCarthy moved the victim towards his vehicle on the other side of the highway. As he did so, another vehicle hit the woman’s car where Mr. McCarthy had just been standing. The woman was then brought to the hospital, where she was treated for her injuries.

Jeremy Francis Michelin, M.B.
North West River, Newfoundland and Labrador
Medal of Bravery

On March 17, 2010, Jeremy Michelin rescued a man from a possible drowning in the Sabaskauchu River, in North West River, Newfoundland and Labrador. Mr. Michelin was ice fishing when he saw a man on a snowmobile fall through the ice. He made his way to the scene on his own snowmobile, crawled to the edge of the ice and threw the end of a rope to the victim. After several attempts, the man caught and held onto it, and Mr. Michelin pulled him out of the water. Mr. Michelin got the victim onto his snowmobile and safely drove him to a nearby cabin.

Leading Seaman Patrick S. Moulden, M.B., C.D.
Hamilton, Ontario and Victoria, British Columbia
Medal of Bravery

On April 3, 2010, Leading Seaman Patrick Moulden risked his life to ensure the safe evacuation of a wounded soldier, in Afghanistan. Leading Seaman Moulden and his team responded to an emergency call after an improvised explosive device (IED) critically injured a soldier. When a second device was discovered, Leading Seaman Moulden proceeded to dismantle it by hand before the rest of the counter-IED team arrived. With limited safety equipment at his disposal, Leading Seaman Moulden exposed himself to great danger to ensure that the IED was dismantled in a timely fashion, in order to permit the safe landing of a helicopter sent to evacuate his wounded comrade.

Constable David Paul Murtha, M.B.
Lindsay, Ontario
Medal of Bravery

On May 3, 2010, Constable David Murtha, of the Kawartha Lakes Police Service, rescued a man from a burning house, in Lindsay, Ontario. When he arrived on the scene, Constable Murtha could see flames shooting from the roof. Advised that the occupant was still in the basement, Constable Murtha entered and went downstairs, crawling beneath a layer of dense smoke. He located the occupant in the basement and managed to guide the resident up the stairs and through the house, away from the extreme heat and flames.

Wayne Pruden, M.B.
Trenton, Ontario
Medal of Bravery

On June 8, 2009, Wayne Pruden entered a burning house to rescue an unconscious resident, in Trenton, Ontario. As he was driving by, Mr. Pruden noticed flames coming from the roof of a house. He ran to the back of the residence and observed a man inside a smoke-filled room. He slid the patio door open, crawled inside and made his way to where the victim lay. Struggling in the intense heat and smoke, Mr. Pruden succeeded in pulling the victim out onto the deck. Sadly, the victim did not survive.

Master Corporal Daniel Edward Gilles Rochette, M.B., C.D.
Sudbury and Napanee, Ontario
Medal of Bravery

On June 17, 2009, Master Corporal Daniel Rochette saved a man from possible drowning in the Jacques-Cartier River, in Pont-Rouge, Quebec. Master Corporal Rochette was fishing with his family when a man, standing near them, fell into the water and was carried off by the river’s powerful current. Acting quickly, Master Corporal Rochette jumped in after him, but the strong current made the situation very dangerous for both men. Master Corporal Rochette had to let go and return to the shore, from which he held out a log to the distressed man. After a few attempts, the victim managed to grab on and the rescuer pulled him to shore.

George Cosmin Rusu, M.B.
Ottawa, Ontario
Medal of Bravery

On November 6, 2009, Mr. George Rusu risked his life to rescue a woman being attacked by her ex-boyfriend, in Ottawa, Ontario. Mr. Rusu was at the pharmacy where he worked, when he heard someone screaming. He rushed outside to find the victim on the ground, with her assailant standing over her. Mr. Rusu pulled the attacker off the woman and pushed him against the wall, struggling to keep him away from the victim. Suddenly, Mr. Rusu felt as though he was being punched in the chest, and saw that the attacker had a knife. Fearing that he would not be able to take this man on alone, Mr. Rusu ran inside the store to call 911. Only then did he realize that he had been stabbed. Emergency services arrived shortly after and the victim survived thanks to Mr. Rusu’s quick actions.

David Wilbert Townsend, M.B.
Fergus, Ontario
Medal of Bravery

On August 25, 2009, David Townsend rescued two people from a burning vehicle that had left the roadway and rolled onto its roof, in Eramosa Township, Ontario. Witness to the incident, Mr. Townsend ran to the vehicle and escorted the wounded driver a safe distance away. Thick smoke enveloped the car as the fire spread across the undercarriage. Mr. Townsend then crawled in through a broken window to reach an injured passenger, who was being held upside-down by her seat belt. Despite the flames hindering his efforts and the multiple cuts he sustained, Mr. Townsend worked quickly to free the woman and finally dragged her out. Others stepped in to help bring the woman a safe distance away, moments before the vehicle became completely engulfed in flames.

Constable Daryl Whitten, M.B.
Peterborough, Ontario
Medal of Bravery

On November 4, 2009, Constable Daryl Whitten, of the Peterborough Lakefield Community Police, risked his life rescuing a man who had fallen in the Otonabee River, in Peterborough, Ontario. Constable Whitten and his colleagues rushed to the scene but could barely hear the struggling victim over the roar of the river, making it difficult to pinpoint his location in the dark. When the victim was finally found, Constable Whitten entered the water and battled the strong current to reach the man who was desperately trying to hold onto a large rock. Constable Whitten held the man’s head above water and waited in the freezing river until a firefighter in full water-rescue gear arrived.



FACT SHEET ON THE DECORATIONS FOR BRAVERY

BACKGROUND

The Decorations for Bravery were created in 1972. They recognize people who risk their lives and choose to defy their own instinct of survival to try to save a loved one or a perfect stranger whose life is in immediate danger.

The three levels of the Decorations for Bravery reflect the degree to which the recipients put themselves at risk:

The Cross of Valour (C.V.) recognizes acts of the most conspicuous courage in circumstances of extreme peril.

The Star of Courage (S.C.) recognizes acts of conspicuous courage in circumstances of great peril.

The Medal of Bravery (M.B.) recognizes acts of bravery in hazardous circumstances.

ELIGIBILITY AND NOMINATION

Anyone is free to propose the name of a person who has risked injury or death in an attempt to rescue another person. The incident need not have taken place in Canada, and the rescuer need not be Canadian, but Canadians or Canadian interests must be involved. The Decorations may be awarded posthumously.

Nominations must be made within two years of the incident, or within two years after a public entity, including a court, a quasi-judicial tribunal or a coroner, has concluded its review of the circumstances surrounding the incident or act of bravery.

For more information on the Decorations for Bravery, please visit www.gg.ca/document.aspx?id=73.